PART 1: Philosophical Viewpoints on Social Welfare Policies
The process of policy making in the United States of America is an inherently a complex one. The power of policy making is shared between the congress and the executive. American policy making does not result from the edicts of one single branch of the government but it is a product of interaction among branches. The weak divisions among the judicial, legislative and executive functions in the United States of America have eroded the rise of modern American administrative state. This has resulted in the notion that American policy making does not feature various branches of government but features a bramble of overlapping policy making forums. Policy making in the United States of America is considered as an interbranch dialogue. This is shaped by political, institutional and strategic contexts. Policy making is a negotiated process. There is several policy arenas involved in the science of policy making (Farmer, 2005).
The fear for a strong central government was informed by the fact that such government might impose restrictions on slave trade and curtail the expansion of slavery. The framers of the constitution were serious minded men who advocated for a strong central government but with separation of powers and strong checks and balance. The fear for a strong central government was informed by their previous experience with Britain; the states did not want to cede more power to the central government. They feared that a strong central would have more control over states and people.
In the United States of America, liberal and conservatism continuum is the most meaningful and logical position to take. It is made practical in the definition of most political and ideological issues; it determines the context of a policy. Since the signing of the declaration of independence, liberalism and conservatism is considered as the primary axis of ideological and policy conflict in America (Maddox & Lillie, 1984). Policy making in America was influenced by the principle of policy making in America. Policymaking in Britain and America is similar since it involves various branches of the government and it is a process of coordination between these branches.
Farmer, B. R. (2005). American conservatism: History, theory and practice. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press.
Maddox, W., & Lilie, S. (1984). Beyond Liberal and Conservative: Reassessing the Political Spectrum. Lanham: Cato Institute.